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The Ballinger - Pinchot Affair
The Ballinger-PInchot Affair
Ballinger-Pinchot Affair


     The Ballinger-Pinchot Affair started in 1909. President Taft had won the 1908 election promising to continue roosevelt's conservation plans and to lower tariffs. But in 1909, Taft signed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff which raised tariffs on hundreds of items. Around the same time, Ballinger approved a sale of several millions of acres of public land in Alaska containing rich coal deposits to a group of Seattle businessmen. the group sold its holdings to another group of New York bankers. Louis R. Gravis, a low-level worker in the Department of the Interior, protested against what Ballinger had done, he was fired. Then Pinchot, also protested the sale in January of 1910 and he was also fired by Taft who supported Ballinger.
     Pinchot wrote to Roosevelt who at the time was on a hunting trip in Africa. pinchot told him that Taft was no longer following TR's plan and that TR needed to come back. In June of 1910, Roosevelt returned and Pinchot met him at the boat and not Taft.
     When Roosevelt returned, he campaigned for the Insurgents, those who were agaisnt Taft, and ran agaisnt Taft as well as Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 election. Wilson won the electrion due to the split Repulbican Party and TR taking votes from Taft.

Gifford Pinchot
Head of the forestry Service

Theodore Roosevelt
President before Taft

Richard A. Ballinger
Secretary of the Interior

William Taft
President at time of Ballinger-Pinchot Affair

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